Uttarakhand Disaster Relief 2013
A massive cloud burst caused unprecedented rainfall (440 % above average) in different parts of Uttarakhand leading to massive landslides. Lakes were over flowing hence submerging and collapsing settlements alongside the riverbanks. This also damaged many villages, hamlets and small towns. Livestocks perished and power lines were disrupted. Uttarakhand Government recorded and presumed more than 5700 people dead. The lives and livelihood of the whole state suffered the overall destruction of a very large magnitude.
Habitat for Humanity India (HFH India) through its Disaster Risk Reduction and Response Program executed a three phased disaster relief program for Uttarakahand flood affected families.
Phase One: Distribution of Emergency Shelter Kits
- 50 families were provided with emergency shelter kit
- 101 families were provided with non-food items (Winter Kit)
- 41 families were provided with non-food items (Tin Sheets)
The Emergency Shelter distributed contains the following materials:
- Sleeping bags / Blankets
- Water filter
- Solar lamp / Torch
- Kitchen basic set- Plates / spoon and one utensil
- Cook stove- Oil / Bio mass type
- Chlorine tablets
- Toiletries for one family
- Emergency shelter building material / items
Phase 2: Transitional Shelters
The second phase of intervention saw construction of 225 transitional shelters across the four districts and repairs of 50 houses all of those severely damaged under the deluge of floods. The transitional shelters were particularly made out of tin sheets which could last for 6 months and later be reused during construction of permanent homes for the same families. The transitional shelter consisted of a living room, a kitchen and a toilet built adjacent to the house.
Phase 3: New Houses and Repairs
During the final phase of the relief programme Habitat constructed 129 permanent houses, a community hall, repaired 13 schools and also constructed a boundary wall for the school. The new houses constructed were;
- Earth quake resistant house with strong base and walls.
- Economic and less hazardous in earth quake situation because of GI sheet roofing.
- Aesthetically beautiful and culturally acceptable.
- Availability of proper ventilation and strong foundation.
- Provided private sanitation facilities to family to guard their dignity and self-esteem. They had a twin toilet and bath facility, made of bricks, cement and slabs